Here, in Canada, we have a welfare system, that it is possible to grow up in and on, get a fair education, and then the females can live the remainder of your life on welfare, if they are willing to settle for the little bit that welfare provides. I know a girl that did just that, except for the few years that she had a husband. That ended in her having an affair with a carpenter who was doing renovations on the house. Oh well.
When I see stories like http://ca.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idCAKCN0X927D we are reminded that reserves are just Indian welfare. Overpopulation is the simple description of the problem. There are more people that are needed. (1994-1246, 2011 1549, 2016 2000) There are business that serve the people, but no base industry. The main source of money coming into the community is welfare. There is no future for these type of communities beyond being a welfare load on the government. They are not willing to back to the inhuman life style of before white man, and unwilling to educate themselves to become experts in something to grow a community around. It is simply a case of overpopulation.
I was part of the post war baby boom that moved off the farms to the city's where there was work. It was not a question for many of us; the choice was farm or move, except for those who were in the service industry. I do not see how it is different today, except for the welfare that is available.
Oh well, what do I know?